rwrc:

Mindsuckers - Meet Nature’s Nightmare

“Ladybugs are said to bring good luck—but one infected by the wasp species Dinocampus coccinellae is decidedly unfortunate. When a female wasp stings a ladybug, it leaves behind a single egg. After the egg hatches, the larva begins to eat its host from the inside out. When ready, the parasite emerges and spins a cocoon between the ladybug’s legs. Though its body is now free of the tormentor, the bug remains enslaved, standing over the cocoon and protecting it from potential predators. Some lucky ladybugs actually survive this eerie ordeal.”…
And what of D. coccinellae and its hapless ladybug host? While at the University of Montreal, Fanny Maure and her colleagues made a startling discovery: In turning its victim into a willing bodyguard, the wasp itself may only be acting as the extended phenotype of yet another organism. The researchers found that when a wasp injects an egg into a ladybug victim, she also injects a cocktail of chemicals and other substances—including a virus that replicates in the wasp’s ovaries. Some evidence suggests it is this virus that immobilizes the ladybug, protecting the wasp’s cocoon from intruders.
The virus and the wasp have the same evolutionary interests; turning a ladybug into a bodyguard produces more wasps, and more wasps beget more viruses. And so their genes work together to make the ladybug their puppet. The D. coccinellae wasp may not be the puppet master it once seemed. Instead it hides another puppet master within.

Read the whole article: http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2014/11/mindsuckers/zimmer-text

rwrc:

Mindsuckers - Meet Nature’s Nightmare

Ladybugs are said to bring good luck—but one infected by the wasp species Dinocampus coccinellae is decidedly unfortunate. When a female wasp stings a ladybug, it leaves behind a single egg. After the egg hatches, the larva begins to eat its host from the inside out. When ready, the parasite emerges and spins a cocoon between the ladybug’s legs. Though its body is now free of the tormentor, the bug remains enslaved, standing over the cocoon and protecting it from potential predators. Some lucky ladybugs actually survive this eerie ordeal.”

And what of D. coccinellae and its hapless ladybug host? While at the University of Montreal, Fanny Maure and her colleagues made a startling discovery: In turning its victim into a willing bodyguard, the wasp itself may only be acting as the extended phenotype of yet another organism. The researchers found that when a wasp injects an egg into a ladybug victim, she also injects a cocktail of chemicals and other substances—including a virus that replicates in the wasp’s ovaries. Some evidence suggests it is this virus that immobilizes the ladybug, protecting the wasp’s cocoon from intruders.

The virus and the wasp have the same evolutionary interests; turning a ladybug into a bodyguard produces more wasps, and more wasps beget more viruses. And so their genes work together to make the ladybug their puppet. The D. coccinellae wasp may not be the puppet master it once seemed. Instead it hides another puppet master within.

Read the whole article: http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2014/11/mindsuckers/zimmer-text

"A Florida man convicted of first-degree murder for shooting a teenager to death over loud music was sentenced to life without parole Friday. Michael Dunn, 47, was convicted of killing Jordan Davis, 17, in November 2012 after he shot into a SUV of four teenagers 10 times when an argument broke out over loud music coming from the teens’ vehicle. Dunn was sentenced to an additional 90 years in prison for three attempted murder convictions and another 15 years for firing into an occupied vehicle."

So it turns out there’s a way for a white guy to shoot black teenagers that’s so brazenly violent it’s beyond the purview of Stand Your Ground. Life without parole, plus 105 years, so that seems pretty unambiguous. Prosecutors didn’t press for the death sentence here, although if you’re not pressing for the death sentence when the guy is shooting directly at an SUV full of unarmed teenagers it’s hard to imagine how you could think of any case where it would be a reasonable punishment. (via jakke)

overtheunderpass:

I was just introduced to this incredible Twitter account

(via edwardspoonhands)

imnotjailbait:

imnotjailbait:

Still don’t believe how much of a piece of shit monster Dr. Luke is? #FreeKeshaLuke #StayStrongKesha


Don’t ignore this. Realize what a monster Dr. Luke is.

imnotjailbait:

imnotjailbait:

Still don’t believe how much of a piece of shit monster Dr. Luke is? #FreeKeshaLuke #StayStrongKesha

image

Don’t ignore this. Realize what a monster Dr. Luke is.

(via lodygaga)